Kuwait: February 18-19, 2011 - Hundreds of protesters gather to demand greater rights for longtime residents and to seek the release of previously arrested protesters. They clash with security forces.
Late February 2011 - The Emir announces that every Kuwaiti citizen will receive 1,000 dinars and a 14-month supply of food staples.
November 16, 2011 - Opposition protesters force their way into the legislature to demand the prime minister step down.
Libya: February 15, 2011 - Libyan security forces crack down on protesters as anti-government demonstrations take place in Benghazi.
February 20, 2011 - Protests begin in Tripoli. Moammar Gadhafi's son, Saif, appears on television and warns that protests may lead to civil war.
February 21, 2011 - Libya's interior minister Abdul Fattah Younis al Abidi resigns to support the protesters.
February 22, 2011 - In a televised speech, President Moammar Gadhafi vows to die a martyr rather than step down.
February 26, 2011 - The United Nations passes a resolution freezing Gadhafi's assets, imposing an arms embargo, banning travel, and refers a war crimes case to the International Criminal Court.
March 2, 2011 - A Libyan aircraft bombs a section of eastern Libya as leader Moammar Gadhafi tries to take back control of an area seized by the opposition. In a 2 1/2-hour speech on state television, Gadhafi says the U.S. and "the Atlantic pact" can never enter Libya. He vowed "a bath of blood" and a worse outcome "than what happened to them in Iraq or Afghanistan" if such an attempt was made.
March 7, 2011 - NATO announces it has launched around-the-clock surveillance flights of Libya as it considers various options for dealing with escalating violence.
March 17, 2011 - The U.N. Security Council votes to impose a no-fly zone over Libya and take "all necessary measures" to protect civilians.
March 19, 2011 - French fighter jets begin enforcing the no-fly zone over Libya, and the U.S. launches more than 100 Tomahawk missiles at targets in Libya in Operation Odyssey Dawn.
June 1, 2011 - NATO extends its mission in Libya for another 90 days.
August 15, 2011 - Moammar Gadhafi urges Libyans to fight opposition forces and "cleanse this sweet and honorable land." In a speech broadcast on state television, Gadhafi says: "The strikes will be over and NATO will be defeated. Move always forward to the challenge; pick up your weapons; go to the fight in order to liberate Libya inch by inch from the traitors and from NATO. Be prepared to fight if they hit the ground."
August 20, 2011 - Libyan rebels have taken their fight inside Tripoli, the home of the embattled Libyan leader, a rebel spokesman says. Government spokesman Musa Ibrahim insists that all is safe and well. He says the Libyan capital remains under government control. Libyan officials reject rebel claims that Gadhafi is seeking refuge for his family, saying that neither the leader nor his wife and children plan to leave the country.
August 22, 2011 - A rebel spokesman says Libya is now under the control of the opposition; Gadhafi's whereabouts are unknown. The opposition believes that Gadhafi is either hiding in Tripoli, has fled to southern Libya or fled to neighboring Chad or Algeria. "Those are the only two neighboring country that have been showing support for him," El-Gamaty said.
August 23, 2011 - A spokesman for the National Transitional Council claims that rebels control 85% of Tripoli. Rebel sources say Libya's National Transitional Council has established a small office on the outskirts of Tripoli.
October 20, 2011 - Gadhafi dies of a gunshot wound to the head after being captured by rebel forces in his hometown of Sirte, Libya.
October 23, 2011 - Libya's interim leaders declare the nation's freedom in Benghazi, where uprisings against Gadhafi's regime began in February.
October 27, 2011 - The United Nations Security Council votes unanimously to end military operations in Libya. The adopted resolution effectively cancels the NATO mission in Libya as of October 31, 2011.
Syria: Early February 2011 - In anticipation of protests, President Bashar al Assad deploys a heavy police presence and presses individuals not to participate in demonstrations.
February 4, 2011 - A planned "Day of Rage", organized on Facebook, fails to attract protesters against President Bashar al Assad.
March 18, 2011 - Security forces crack down on protesters in Daraa, who are demonstrating for the release of children and teens detained for writing political graffiti.
March 23, 2011 - Protests continue in Daraa for the sixth day. Security forces fire into a crowd in front of a mosque, killing approximately 15 people.
March 24, 2011 - Thousands of people in Daraa attend funerals for nine people killed in the recent uprising.
March 25, 2011 - Approximately 24 people are killed near Daraa in clashes with security forces.
March 29, 2011 - The cabinet of President Bashar al Assad resigns.
March 30, 2011 - President al Assad addresses the nation in a 45-minute televised speech. He acknowledges that the government has not met the people's needs but he does not offer any concrete changes. The state of emergency remains in effect also.
April 1, 2011 - Approximately 11 people are killed in the Damascus suburb of Douma during protests.
April 3, 2011 - President al Assad appoints a new prime minister, Adel Safar.
April 8, 2011 - Demonstrations take place in Daraa, Latakia, Banias, Qamishli, Homs, Douma, Moathamia, Daraya, Tal, and Hama. More than three dozen protesters are reported killed.
April 10, 2011 - The Syrian government announces that 19 security officers have been killed in Bania. At least 22 civilians are reported killed.
April 21, 2011 - Syrian President al Assad lifts the country's 48-year-old state of emergency. He also abolishes the Higher State Security Court and issues a decree "regulating the right to peaceful protest, as one of the basic human rights guaranteed by the Syrian Constitution."
April 25, 2011 - The Syrian government sends thousands of troops into Daraa to carry out what witnesses describe as a brutal, wider-scale crackdown. Between 4,000 and 5,000 members of the Syrian Army and security forces raid Daraa just after 4 a.m. equipped with seven tanks, and begin shooting indiscriminately, in some cases shooting into homes as people slept, according to an activist with the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.
April 27, 2011 - The group Syrian Human Rights Information Link reports that more than 400 people have been killed in violence in Syria since March 18th.
May 6, 2011 - Insan, a Syrian human rights group, reports that 607 people have been killed in violence in Syria since March 15th. Nationwide protests are planned, as a "Day of Defiance," coinciding with the Martyrs' Day state holiday.
May 11, 2011 - The National Organization for Human Rights in Syria releases a statement claiming that 776 people have been killed in Syria since fighting began in March.
May 27, 2011 - The story of the death of 13-year-old Hamza Ali al-Khateeb emerges. The boy was separated from his father during protests in Daraa on April 29 and taken into police custody. Some time later, his body is returned to his family, allegedly showing signs of torture, mutilation and gunshot wounds.
May 31, 2011 - Al Assad issues a decree granting amnesty for political crimes.
June 1, 2011 - Human Rights Watch releases a 57-page report detailing government abuses against citizen that could possibly qualify as crimes against humanity. The report claims that as many as 887 people have been killed since protests began in March.