Here's a look at what you need to know about the Penn State Scandal.
On November 4, 2011, a grand jury report was released containing testimony that former Penn State defensive coordinator Jerry Sandusky sexually abused eight young boys over a period of at least 15 years. Officials at Penn State purportedly failed to notify law enforcement after learning about some of these incidents. On December 7, 2011, the number of victims was increased to 10. On June 22, 2012, Jerry Sandusky was found guilty of 45 of the 48 criminal counts related to child sexual abuse. Fourteen are first degree felonies.
Included below is a timeline of accusations, lists of the charges against Jerry Sandusky, a list of players, post grand jury report timeline, information about Second Mile and Jerry Sandusky and links to the grand jury investigation.
Jerry Sandusky: Birth date: January 26, 1944
Birth place: Washington, Pennsylvania
Birth name: Gerald Arthur Sandusky
Marriage: Dorothy "Dottie" (Gross) Sandusky (1966-present)
Children: (all adopted) E.J. (male), Kara, Jon, Jeff, Ray, Matt. The Sanduskys also fostered several children
Occupation: Retired assistant football coach at Penn State for 32 years, including 23 years as defensive coordinator.
The Second Mile: Initially began as a group foster home for troubled boys but grew into a non-profit organization that "helps young people to achieve their potential as individuals and community members."
Founded in 1977 in State College, Pennsylvania by Jerry Sandusky.
May 25, 2012 - The Second Mile requests court approval in Centre County, Pennsylvania, to transfer its programs to Arrow Child & Family Ministries and shut down.
August 27, 2012 - The Second Mile requests a stay in the petition to transfer its programs to Arrow Child & Family Ministries saying "this action will allow any pending or future claims filed by Jerry Sandusky's victims to be resolved before key programs or assets are considered for transfer."
Timeline of Accusations: Source: Grand Jury Report
1994-1997 - Sandusky engages in inappropriate conduct with different boys he met separately through The Second Mile program.
1998 - Penn State police and the Pennsylvania Department of Public Welfare investigate an incident in which the mother of an 11-year-old boy reports that Sandusky showered with her son.
1998 - Psychologist Alycia Chambers tells Penn State police that Sandusky acted the way a pedophile might, in her assessment of a case in which the mother of a young boy reported that Sandusky showered with her son, and may have had inappropriate contact with him. A second psychologist, John Seasock, reported he found no indication of child abuse.
June 1, 1998 - Sandusky is interviewed and admits showering naked with the boy, saying it was wrong and promising not to do it again. The district attorney advises investigators that no charges will be filed and the university police chief instructs that the case be closed.
June 1999 - Sandusky retires from Penn State after coaching there for 32 years, but receives emeritus status, with full access to the campus and football facilities.
2000 - James Calhoun, a janitor at Penn State, tells his supervisor and another janitor that he saw Sandusky sexually abusing a young boy in the Lasch Building showers. No one reports the incident to university officials or law enforcement.
March 2, 2002 - Graduate assistant Mike McQueary tells Coach Joe Paterno that on March 1, 2002, he witnessed the rape of a 10-year-old boy by Jerry Sandusky in the Lasch Building showers at Penn State. On May 7, 2012, prosecutors file court documents to change the date of the assault to on or around February 9, 2001.
March 3, 2002 - Paterno reports the incident to Athletic Director Tim Curley. Later, McQueary meets with Curley and Senior Vice President for Finance and Business Gary Schultz. McQueary testifies that he told Curley and Schultz that he saw Sandusky and the boy engaged in anal sex, Curley and Schultz testify they were not told of such an allegation. Instead, Curley said he had the impression the conduct amounted to "horsing around." Schultz said he couldn't remember details. Sandusky's locker room keys are confiscated and the incident is reported to The Second Mile, but no law enforcement investigation is launched.
2005 or 2006 - Sandusky befriends another Second Mile participant whose allegations would form the foundation of the multi-year grand jury investigation.
2006 or 2007 - Sandusky begins to spend more time with the boy, taking him to sporting events and giving him gifts. During this period, Sandusky performs oral sex on the boy more than 20 times, and the boy performs oral sex on him once.
2008 - The boy breaks off contact with Sandusky. Later, his mother calls the boy's high school to report her son had been sexually assaulted and the principal bars Sandusky from campus and reports the incident to police. The ensuing investigation reveals 118 calls from Sandusky's home and cell phone numbers to the boy's home.
November 2008 - Sandusky informs The Second Mile that he is under investigation, and he is removed from all program activities involving children, according to the group.
Timeline (post Grand Jury report): November 4, 2011 - The grand jury report is released.
November 5, 2011 - Sandusky is arraigned on 40 criminal counts. He is released on $100,000 bail. Athletic Director Tim Curley and Senior Vice President for Finance and Business Gary Schultz are each charged with one count of felony perjury and one count of failure to report abuse allegations.
November 7, 2011 - Curley and Schultz, who have both stepped down from their positions, are arraigned.
November 9, 2011 - Paterno announces that he intends to retire at the end of the 2011 football season. Hours later, university trustees announce that President Graham Spanier and Coach Joe Paterno are fired, effective immediately.
November 11, 2011 - Mike McQueary, now a Penn State receivers coach, who witnessed the 2002 rape of a young boy, is placed on indefinite administrative leave. The incident is later said to have happened in 2001.
November 13, 2011 - Jack Raykovitz, CEO of The Second Mile, resigns.
November 14, 2011 - In a phone interview with NBC's Bob Costas, Sandusky states that he is "innocent" of the charges and claims that the only thing he did wrong was having "showered with those kids."
November 15, 2011 - "The Morning Call" (Allentown) reports that in a November 8, 2011 email to a former classmate, McQueary says he did stop the 2002 assault he witnessed and talked with police about it.
November 16, 2011 - Representatives of Penn State's campus police and State College police say they have no record of having received any report from McQueary about his having witnessed the rape of a boy by former coach Sandusky.
November 16, 2011 - A new judge is assigned to the Sandusky case after it is discovered that Leslie Dutchcot, the judge who freed Sandusky on $100,000 bail, volunteered at The Second Mile charity.
November 21, 2011 - It is announced that former FBI Director Louis Freeh will lead an independent inquiry for Penn State into the school's response to child sex abuse allegations.
November 22, 2011 - "The Patriot-News" reports that two cases of child sex abuse charges against Sandusky have been opened by Children and Youth Services in Pennsylvania. The cases were reported less than two months ago and are in the initial stages of investigation.
November 22, 2011 - The administrative office of Pennsylvania courts announces that all Centre County common pleas court judges have recused themselves from the Sandusky case. The office said this is to avoid any conflicts of interest due to connections with Sandusky, the Second Mile charity, or Penn State.
November 30, 2011 - The first lawsuit in the scandal is filed on behalf of a person listed in the complaint as "John Doe," who says he was 10 years-old when he met Sandusky through The Second Mile charity. His attorneys say Sandusky sexually abused the victim "over one hundred times" and threatened to harm the victim and his family if he alerted anyone to the abuse.