Here's a look at the life of the late Pope John Paul II.
Personal: Birth date: May 18, 1920
Death date: April 2, 2005
Birth place: Wadowice, Poland
Birth name: Karol Jozef Wojtyla
Father: Karol Wojtyla, officer in the Polish Army
Mother: Emilia Wojtyla
Education: Doctorate in Philosophy and a Doctorate in Sacred Theology, Jagiellonian University
Other Facts: Pope John Paul II died in April 2005 at the age of 84. His official cause of death was septic shock and cardio-circulatory collapse. He had suffered from Parkinson's disease, arthritis and other ailments for several years before his death.
Upon his election in 1978, John Paul II was the first non-Italian Pope in 455 years. His official title was: Bishop of Rome, Vicar of Jesus Christ, Successor of the Prince of the Apostles, Supreme Pontiff of the Western Church, Patriarch of the West, Primate of Italy, Archbishop and Metropolitan of the Province of Rome, Sovereign of the State of Vatican City.
Achievements: First Pope to visit the White House.
First modern Pope to visit a synagogue.
First Pope to visit Cuba.
The most widely traveled Pope in history.
Canonized more saints than any other Pope.
Created 232 cardinals.
Re-established diplomatic relations with Great Britain after a 450-year break.
In January 1984, re-established diplomatic relations with the United States which had been broken since 1867.
Established diplomatic relations with Israel and with the PLO.
Timeline: May 18, 1920 - Karol Jozef Wojtyla is born in Wadowice, Poland, at 7 Koscielna Street. The little boy nicknamed Lolek is the third and last child of Karol, an officer in the Polish Army, and Emilia. His brother Edmund was born in 1906 and a sister, Olga, died in infancy in 1914.
1938 - After Karol Jr. graduates from high school, the Wojtylas move from Wadowice to Krakow. Karol Jr. attends Jagiellonian University until World War II begins in September 1939.
1941 - Wojtyla and his friends start an underground theater, called the Rhapsodic Theater, to present works in Polish in defiance of the Nazis. During the day, Wojtyla works in quarries and chemical factories.
1942 - Wojtyla joins an underground seminary organized by Archbishop Sapieha.
1946 - Wojtyla is ordained by Cardinal Sapieha to become a priest and celebrates his first mass.
1946-1948 - Wojtyla studies in Rome, where he earns a doctorate in philosophy. After returning to Poland, he also earns a doctorate in Sacred Theology from Jagellonian University in December 1948.
1958 - Wojtyla is consecrated as a bishop.
1962-1965 - Wojtyla participates in Vatican II in Rome. He sides with the reformers who want to modernize the church. He also contributes to a document that states that the Church no longer considers Jews responsible for Christ's death.
March 8, 1964 - Wojtyla is ordained as Archbishop of Krakow.
June 26, 1967 - In a secret consistory, Wojtyla is elevated to cardinal. Two days later, he is formally installed in a Vatican ceremony.
October 16, 1978 - Cardinal Karol Wojtyla is elected to be the 264th pope, the first non-Italian in 455 years. He is also the youngest pope since 1846. He takes the name John Paul II to honor his three immediate predecessors.
October 2, 1979 - Addresses the General Assembly of the United Nations in New York.
May 13, 1981 - Pope John Paul II is shot by Turkish gunman Mehmet Ali Agca in Saint Peter's Square. He is wounded in the abdomen, arm and hand. Two others are wounded as well. Vatican Secretary of State Agostino Cardinal Casaroli takes over as temporary head of the Roman Catholic Church.
January 27, 1983 - The Pope meets with Ali Agca at Rebibbia Prison.
January 10, 1984 - The United States re-establishes full diplomatic relations with the Vatican.
December 26, 1994 - Time Magazine names Pope John Paul II its Man of the Year.
October 5, 1995 - He addresses the General Assembly of the United Nations in New York, commemorating the organization's 50th anniversary.
March 16, 1998 - The Vatican releases a formal apology to Jews for the Church's failure to do more to prevent the Holocaust.
March 12, 2000 - Apologizes for the Church's mistreatment of Jews, non-Catholic Christians, women, the poor, and minorities over the last 2,000 years.
March 16, 2004 - With 25 years and 5 months as pope, John Paul II becomes the third longest serving pontiff in history, behind St. Peter's 32 years and Pope Pius IX's 31 years 7 months.
June 15, 2004 - Pope John Paul II asks forgiveness for the Inquistion, "for errors committed in the service of truth through use of methods that had nothing to do with the Gospel."