Here's a look at what you need to know about lockouts and strikes in professional sports. A lockout is imposed by management or the owners. A strike is initiated by the employees or players.
National Football League (NFL) Lockouts & Strikes: September 21, 1982-November 21, 1982 - A 57-day strike.
September 22-October 15, 1987 - A 24-day strike.
March 12-July 25, 2011 - The 136-day lockout, the longest work stoppage in NFL history.
Timeline of NFL Lockouts & Strikes: September 21, 1982-November 21, 1982 - The 57-day strike is over revenue sharing.
September 22-October 15, 1987 - After the NFL players go on strike over free agency they are supplanted by replacement players.
March 8, 2006 - The collective bargaining agreement is extended through the 2011 season, including dispersing almost 60% of the NFL's revenue to the players.
May 20, 2008 - The owners vote to end the collective bargaining agreement after the 2010 season.
February 18, 2011 - The NFL and the NFL Players Association (NFLPA) enter into federal mediation. George Cohen is the Director of the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service (FMCS), an independent government agency handling the mediation.
March 3, 2011 - The existing contract between the NFL and the players expires at 11:59 pm EST.
March 4, 2011 - The negotiating deadline is extended by one week.
March 11, 2011 - Negotiations to draft a new collective bargaining agreement break down. At 4:40 p.m. EST, the players' union walks out on negotiations.
March 11, 2011 - After the NFLPA walks out on negotiations, the players decertify the union so that they can file a class-action antitrust lawsuit against the National Football League (Brady v NFL). Quarterbacks Tom Brady, Drew Brees, Peyton Manning are three of 11 football players who file the lawsuit on behalf of the players against the NFL.
March 12, 2011 - NFL lockout begins at midnight ET.
April 25, 2011 - U.S. District Judge in St. Paul, Minnesota Susan Richard Nelson rules in favor of the players, ordering the owners to end the lockout.
April 27, 2011 - Judge Nelson denies the NFL's appeal.
April 29, 2011 - The lockout goes back into effect as the league's appeal for a temporary stay of the ruling is granted by the 8th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals.
July 21, 2011 - NFL owners vote 31-0 (Oakland Raiders abstain) to ratify the proposed 10-year collective bargaining agreement.
July 25, 2011 - The NFL players unanimously vote to ratify the collective bargaining agreement, effectively ending the 136-day lockout.
August 4, 2011 - NFL players ratify a new collective bargaining agreement, formally ending the labor dispute.
National Basketball Association (NBA) Lockouts: July 1-September 18, 1995 - The 79-day lockout revolves around the players dissatisfaction with their union and salaries.
July 1, 1998-January 6, 1999 - The 204-day lockout is over collective bargaining.
July 1, 2011-December 8, 2011 - The 161-day lockout ends when NBA players and owners agree to a 10-year collective bargaining deal.
Timeline of NBA Lockouts: June 21, 1995 - Owners and the players' union agree to a six-year deal.
July 1, 1995 - NBA Commissioner David Stern announces a lockout after players reject the agreement reached by the owners and the players' union. The players claim they weren't fairly represented by the union. Simon Gourdine is the Executive Director and leader of the players' union.
August 8, 1995 - The NBA players and the owners reach an agreement.
September 12, 1995 - The players accept the terms of the agreement, by a vote of 226-134.
September 13, 1995 - Representatives of the players' union approves the agreement in a 25-2 vote.
September 15, 1995 - Team owners ratify the contract in a 24-5 vote.
September 18, 1995 - The NBA owners and players' union agree to a six-year, $5 billion collective bargaining agreement.
March 23, 1998 - The NBA owners vote to reopen the 1995 collective bargaining agreement, 27 to 2.
July 1, 1998 - The NBA owners lockout the players.
January 6, 1999 - The NBA players and owners reach a tentative agreement.
January 6, 1999 - The NBA players consent to the terms of the agreement by a vote of 179-5.
January 7, 1999 - The lockout officially ends when all 29 NBA owners unanimously accept the agreement.
June 30, 2011 - The current collective bargaining agreement expires.
July 1, 2011 - The NBA begins a collective lockout of its players. The lockout will continue until a new collective bargaining agreement is reached with the National Basketball Players Association.
August 2, 2011 - The NBA files two claims against the National Basketball Players Association: an unfair labor practice charge before the National Labor Relations Board and a lawsuit in New York federal district court.
October 18, 2011 - NBA players and owners meet with federal mediator George Cohen.
November 14, 2011 - The NBA players reject the league's latest labor proposal and announce that the union will disband and an antitrust lawsuit will be filed against the NBA.