January 19, 2000 - Addresses the United Nations Security Council, appealing for help in ending the brutal civil war between ethnic Hutus and Tutsis in Burundi.
July 25, 2001 - Announces that he has prostate cancer and is undergoing treatment.
January 31, 2003 - Mandela criticizes President George W. Bush's stance on Iraq, saying he has no foresight and can't think properly.
November 29, 2003 - Aids awareness event, the 46664 Concert (Mandela's prison number) at Green Point stadium in Cape Town. The event draws 30,000+ fans with performances by Beyonce, Peter Gabriel, Bono, Bob Geldof and many more; and speeches by Mandela and Geldof.
December 1, 2003 - Mandela participates in the signing of the Geneva Accords for peace in the Middle East.
January 7, 2005 - Announces that his son, Makgatho, has died of AIDS and that the disease should be given publicity so that people will stop viewing it as extraordinary.
March 21, 2005 - Hosts the "46664 concert" in George, South Africa, to promote AIDS awareness.
August 29, 2007 - A bronze statue of Mandela is unveiled in Parliament Square in London.
June 27, 2008 - A London concert is held at Hyde Park in honor of Mandela's 90th birthday (on July 18) with all proceeds going to an AIDS charity. It is estimated that about 40,000 tickets were sold.
July 18, 2009 - The Nelson Mandela Foundation creates Mandela Day to be held every year on his birthday. The purpose of the day is to bring awareness to community service.
November 11, 2009 - The United Nations declares July 18th Nelson Mandela International Day.
December 11, 2009 - The movie Invictus, starring Morgan Freeman as Mandela opens in South Africa, Canada and the United States.
February 11, 2010 - On the 20th anniversary of Mandela's release from prison tributes, commemorations and marches in his honor take place.
June 11, 2010 - Mandela makes his first World Cup appearance before kickoff of the final match.
January 26-28, 2011 - Is hospitalized in Johannesburg and treated for an acute respiratory infection.
June 21, 2011 - Meets with U.S. First Lady Michelle Obama at his home in South Africa.
February 25-26, 2012 - Treated for an abdominal hernia.
March 2012 - The Nelson Mandela Digital Archive Project is launched. Google gives a $1.25 million grant to help preserve and digitize thousands of archival documents including items donated by Mandela himself.
December 8, 2012 - Is admitted to the hospital, suffering a lung infection.
December 15, 2012 - Undergoes successful endoscopic surgery to have gall stones removed.
January 6, 2013 - A spokesman says Mandela has successfully recovered from surgery and a lung infection and is slowly getting back to his normal routine.
March 27, 2013 - Is admitted to the hospital due to the recurrence of a lung infection.
April 6, 2013 - Mandela is discharged from the hospital.
April 29, 2013 - The South Africa Broadcasting Corporation (SABC) releases video of Mandela as he sits at home surrounded by South Africa President Zuma and other government officials. SABC and the African National Congress, which has been critical of media in the past, are accused of political exploitation.
June 8, 2013 - Mandela is admitted to hospital with a recurring lung infection. The former president is listed in serious but stable condition and is breathing on his own.
June 23, 2013 - Officials say Mandela's condition has worsened in the past 24 hours, and he is now in critical condition.
August 31, 2013 - Is discharged from the hospital to continue his recovery at home. According to President Jacob Zuma he is still listed in "critical but stable condition but responding to treatment."
December 5, 2013 - Nelson Mandela dies at his home in the Johannesburg suburb of Houghton. South African President Jacob Zuma orders all flags in the nation to be flown at half-staff through the state funeral.